The history of Gran Teatro del Liceo begins in 1837, when a battalion of National Militia headed by Manuel Gibert i Sans created the Liceo Filodramático de Montesión in the convent of Montsió, where today is el Portal de l’Àngel (next to Catalunya sq.) to promote the teaching of music and play the escenic representations and operas from the students.
Afterwards, the council awarded the purchase of the building of the Trinitarians Convent, located in Las Ramblas (to be more especific at La Rambla dels Caputxins). And that’s how the Liceu got the place where today is built. The project was in charge of Miquel Garriga i Roca and it’s distinguished from the other big european theaters because the building was economically supported exclusively by individual shareholders; the Queen Isabel II did not participate, and that’s why is the only european theater without a royal box.
In April 1861, the Liceu burned for first time because of an unextiguished light oil. All made of wood, only remained the stone estructure. As a bourgeoisie symbol, the anarchist movement saw the Liceu as the representation of the ruling oligarchy. This identification induced the events of the 7th of November in 1893, when during the season inauguration night, the anarchist Santiago Salvador threw two Orsini bombs to the audience, just exploded one, but taking twenty lifes away.
During the 20’s, textil business prospered in Catalunya. Liceu renewed it’s decoration and became one of the theaters that played the highest quality shows in the world. And the same for the audience, wich requirements and level knowledge were on a par. Was during the Civil War when the Liceu was nationalized and changed the name to Teatre del Liceu – Teatre Nacional de Catalunya (Liceu Theatre – Catalonia’s National Theatre).
In January 31 1994 when el Liceu burned again. This time caused by a spark from a blowtorch that burned down the curtains. The fire spread quickly to the roof so in few minutes got uncontrollable, destroying almost the entire theater. Thanks to the Foundation for Gran Teatre del Liceu it was rebuilt just like it was, introducing the required improvements. Then became completely publicly owned, because the Gran Teatre del Liceu Society ceded its part of the administration. To obtain the money required, half the budget was raised from private funds.
Reopened after five years with “Turandot” by Puccini, which was the work that had to be played at the time of the accident, resuming the economic recovery started in the eighties. Increasing the number of performances of each work, popular sessions with young singers, reduced season tickets, live view works in movies, plays on You Tube and other alternatives that Hotel Curious guests can take advantage on their visit to the city, furthermore than visiting the spectacular building.
Times of departure
– Guided tour: 10.00 am, daily (1 hour 10 min)
– Unguided tour: 11.30 am, 12.00 midday, 12.30 pm and 1 pm, daily (20 minutes)
Prices – Guided tour 8,8 € – Unguided tour 4,10 €
- Adress: La Rambla, 51-59
- Tel: 93 485 99 00
- Hours: 10h a 13h
- Web: http://www.liceubarcelona.com/